Versatile and Diverse

Wheat Production by Region

Wheat is one of the most versatile plants on planet Earth. Six classes of wheat are produced in 42 states in the United States and in nearly every region on six continents around the world

Northern Region

States: Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota
Acres:13,661,557 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Hard Red Spring, Hard Red Winter, Durum
Number of Mills: 19
Key Products: Durum = pasta, couscous and some Mediterranean breads; Hard Red Spring = bagels, designer breads, also a blending wheat

Great Plains

States: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming
Acres: 17,057,009 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Hard Red Winter, Hard White
Number of Mills: 36
Key Products:Hard Red Winter = bread, hard rolls, flat breads, general purpose flour, Asian style noodles


States: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Acres: 4,562,307 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Soft Red Winter, Hard Red Winter
Number of Mills: 88
Key Products: Soft Red Winter = cookies, crackers, cakes, cereal and for blending in baguettes and other bread products


States: Arizona, California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
Acres: 4,585,181 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Soft White, Hard White, Hard Red Winter, Hard Red Spring, Durum
Number of Mills: 88
Key Products: Soft White = Asian style noodles, cakes, pastries and cereals